A partial knee replacement is a surgery that replaces only the damaged or missing parts of the knee. Partial knee replacements are most commonly used when there is damage to the medial or lateral collateral ligaments, meniscus, or cartilage. Partial knee replacements can also be used when there is arthritis in the joint.
There are several types of partial knee replacement: tibial plateau and femoral condyle, cadaveric spiral, and full-thickness resurfacing.
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- The tibial plateau and femoral condyle replacements use a metal plate and plastic cup to replace the damaged area of the bone.
- The cadaveric spiral replacement uses a tendon from another part of the body to replace the damaged area of the bone.
- The full-thickness resurfacing replacement uses a piece of cartilage from another part of the body to replace the damaged area of the bone.
The benefits of a partial knee replacement include less pain, improved function, and reduced need for surgery in the future.
There are a few things you can do to help speed your recovery after having a partial knee replacement.
1. Make sure you follow your doctor's instructions closely. This includes taking the prescribed medication and following any restrictions on activity.
2. Get plenty of rest. Your body needs time to heal properly, so make sure to get enough sleep each night.
3. Gentle exercise is important for both bone health and overall physical fitness. Start with low-impact exercises and gradually increase your intensity as you feel ready.
4. Avoid stressors as much as possible. This includes avoiding activities that bring on pain or make it difficult to move around freely.